Fibromyalgia; It is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread and wandering musculoskeletal pain. The pain caused by fibromyalgia may increase or decrease periodically. Depending on the severity of the discomfort, the pain complaint may be accompanied by different physical complaints. Fibromyalgia is a disorder that can be seen in about 3-6% of the population. It can occur at any age. However, the incidence is higher between the ages of 20 and 50. In women, it is about 8 – 10 times more common than men.
You can consult a physical therapy and rehabilitation specialist for the diagnosis and treatment of fibromyalgia. Regarding this issue, you can contact our clinic in Ankara and make an appointment with Specialist Dr. Nural Aydın.
What Is Fibromyalgia?
We can define fibromyalgia as “a chronic soft tissue rheumatism.” The most obvious symptom of fibromyalgia is pain in the body. Fibromyalgia occurs with complaints such as tenderness in certain areas of the body, pain in bones and muscles, and fatigue. It can lead to sleep problems and can be accompanied by some psychological disorders such as depression. In this respect, it is a disorder that reduces the quality of life and adversely affects daily life.
What Are the Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
The most common symptoms of fibromyalgia are pain in certain areas of the body, such as the back of the head, shoulders, hips, elbows and knees, which persist for a long time and of unknown cause. These areas are called “trigger points” or “fibromyalgia points.” The person feels pain when pressure is applied to these trigger points. At the same time, pain in these areas can also cause pain in other parts of the body. The severity or duration of the pain may vary. In addition, the following symptoms may also indicate fibromyalgia:
- Sensitivity in certain parts of the body
- Depression or depressed mood swings
- Poor sleep quality and insomnia
- Still feeling tired after rest or sleep
- Quick fatigue
- Difficulty focusing
- Low energy level and low resistance to mobility
- Memory problems
Generally, these symptoms are more severe in female patients than in men. The pain is more intense in women. However, in women with fibromyalgia, periods can be more painful. The transition to menopause in women can also lead to an increase in fibromyalgia symptoms.
These symptoms can also be experienced in attacks. The person may feel increased pain and fatigue at certain times. During the attack period, symptoms such as depressed mood, digestive problems, insomnia may intensify.
What Causes Fibromyalgia?
The causes of fibromyalgia are not precisely known. However, it is thought that there are some factors that trigger this situation.
Genetic factors: The most important factor in the occurrence of fibromyalgia is genetic predisposition. Having a family history of fibromyalgia increases the likelihood of developing fibromyalgia.
Infection or previous diseases: It is thought that there is a relationship between diseases such as influenza, pneumonia and infections caused by certain bacteria and the appearance of fibromyalgia.
Emotional or physical trauma: A link has been found between post-traumatic stress disorder and fibromyalgia.
Stress: Stress, which affects the person over a long period of time, is among the effects that can trigger the appearance of fibromyalgia in sensitive people.
How is Fibromyalgia Treated?
Treatment for fibromyalgia is usually aimed at reducing symptoms. As the complaints decrease, the quality of life of the patient also increases. In the treatment process, different methods may be preferred according to the severity of the symptoms and the areas where the pain is concentrated.
In the treatment of fibromyalgia, medications aimed at reducing the severity of pain can be used. In addition, antidepressants and epilepsy medications can also be supportive. Stress-reducing activities such as therapy and yoga may also be recommended to reduce a person’s stress levels.
The most effective applications to reduce the severity of pain are physical therapy applications. The exercises performed in the physical therapy process are determined according to the age of the person and the severity of the pain. When muscles and joints are worked correctly, the tissues in the area become stronger. The reduction of sensitivity and pain in the area improves the quality of life of the person and reduces the effect of triggers.
Ankara Fibromyalgia Treatment
In Ankara fibromyalgia treatment, it is aimed to reduce the patient’s pain. With treatment, other symptoms accompanying pain are expected to subside. Physical therapy applications and accompanying injections for pain are one of the most effective approaches in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Exercises to relieve pain and sensitivity minimize the patient’s complaints. With a rehabilitation process planned according to the course of the disease and the physical characteristics of the person, the daily quality of life of the person can be brought to the same level as a healthy person.
You can contact our clinic in Ankara to get more information about physical therapy methods that can be applied in the treatment of fibromyalgia.