Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint diseases), popularly known as calcification, is a common type of joint disease, especially seen in individuals over 50 years of age. It is especially seen in joints that we use frequently such as knees, hips and hands. Depending on the level of the disease, there may be severe restrictions on daily activities. For example; Even simple, daily living activities such as going up and down stairs, moving fingers, etc. can become quite painful.
For your questions and concerns about calcification, you can contact our clinic in Ankara; You can make an appointment with Dr. Nural Aydın.
What is Arthrosis?
Arthrosis is a joint disease that occurs when the cartilage around the joints wears out over time or as a result of various traumas and strain.
Joints are formed by the union of two bones. The ends of these bones, which make up the joint, are covered with cartilage. The task of cartilage; to ensure that the bones slide over each other during joint movement and to reduce the load on the joint. Over time, deterioration in the cartilage structure occurs, and the softness, lubricity in the area begins to disappear (cartilage begins to wear out). With the onset of disappearance of cartilage, joint movements overlap the bones. The bones that overlap and compress cause pain in the joint areas. Depending on the wear on the cartilage, the severity of the pain may increase or decrease.
What Causes Arthrosis?
Arthrosis can occur under the influence of different factors. The problem of calcification may arise due to the fact that the load placed on the area is excessive, there is a problem in the distribution of the load or there are problems with the feeding of the cartilage. Factors such as genetic factors, age, the presence of other diseases affecting the bone and joint are also effective in the emergence of calcification.
The incidence increases in the areas that we use most actively in daily life, which are heavily affected by the load on our body. Therefore, it is a joint disease most commonly seen in the knees, hips, spine and hands.
What are the Symptoms of Arthrosis?
The most common symptom of arthrosis is pain felt in one or several joints.
- Feeling of stiffness accompanied by pain
- Limitation of movement
- Sounds from the joints during physical activities
- Loss of strength and a feeling of ejaculation in the joint are characteristic signs of arthrosis.
With the progression of the disease, the symptoms may change. Pain complaints, which can sometimes decrease or disappear with rest, may become permanent or increase in severity in the advanced stages of the disease. With the progression of the disease, it becomes difficult to move, functional losses are observed.
Who Has Arthrosis?
Arthritis; age, gender, the presence of different diseases, traumas, overweight are associated with many factors. The main factors affecting the formation of calcification are;
Age: It can be said that calcification is a disease that is usually seen in middle age and above. It is especially common in individuals over 40 years of age.
Gender: The incidence in women is higher than in men.
Weight Having excess weight is an effective factor in the appearance of calcification, as it increases the load on the joints.
Traumas: With strain, abrasions and deterioration of the cartilage occur.
Genetic Predisposition: Being genetically predisposed to the disease can lead to the emergence of the disease.
Diseases that develop at or after birth: In particular, various diseases affecting bones and joints (gout, Paget’s disease, congenital hip dislocation, etc.) may play a role in the formation of calcification.
Muscle weakness around the joint and relaxation of ligaments around the joints
Limited physical activity
What Should Be Done to Prevent Arthrosis?
- Avoiding repetitive movements
- Weight control
- Doing regular and slow exercises
Supporting the joint areas with corsets and supportive equipment during painful periods significantly reduces the risk of calcification.
Arthrosis Treatment with Physical Therapy
Ankara arthrosis treatment is effective in the physical structure of the patient, in which region and at what level the calcification is. In mild and moderate cases of calcification, most often the most effective treatment method is physical therapy. Targeted by physical therapy; reducing pain, eliminating limitation of movement and preventing/slowing down the progression of the disease. In this process, drug treatment can also be used to reduce pain. In cases where medication and physical therapy are not effective, surgical procedure may be used.
Physical therapy and rehabilitation alone may be sufficient to prevent calcification. The important thing is to diagnose the disease early. Physical therapy aims to control the pain caused by calcification. Muscle strength is strengthened. It is intended that the muscle carries more load and that the load is evenly distributed to the joint. Treatments are generally performed on muscle strengthening and movement modification. In addition, hot / cold applications and some other treatment methods can be applied to the joints with the guidance of doctors.
You can contact our clinic to get more detailed information about arthrosis treatment in Ankara and make an appointment.